Difference between revisions of "Polarization Calibration"

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(Linear to Circular Conversion)
 
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== Linear to Circular Conversion ==
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[[Linear to Circular Conversion]]
At EOVSA’s linear feeds, in the electric field the linear polarization, X and Y, relates to RCP and LCP (R and L) as:
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:<math> R = X + iY </math>
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:<math> L = X - iY </math>
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In terms of autocorrelation powers, we have the 4 polarization products XX*, YY*, XY* and YX*, where the * denotes complex conjugation.  The quantities RR* and LL* are then
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:<math> RR^* = (X + iY)(X + iY)^* = XX^* - iXY^* + iYX^* + YY^* </math>
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[[Polarization Mixing Due to Feed Rotation]] ([[Polarization Mixing Correction (Old)]])
 
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:<math> LL^* = (X - iY)(X - iY)^* = XX^* + iXY^* - iYX^* + YY^* </math>
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One problem is that there is generally a non-zero delay in Y with respect to X.  This creates phase slopes in XY* and YX* from which we can determine the delay very accurately.  As a check,
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:<math> Stokes \, I = \frac{RR^* + LL^*}{2} = XX^* + YY^*</math>
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:<math> Stokes \, V = \frac{RR^* - LL^*}{2} = i(XX^* - YY^*)</math>
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For completeness:
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:<math>
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\begin{align}
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Stokes \, Q = XX^* - YY^*\\
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Stokes \, U = XY^* - YX^*
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\end{align}
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</math>
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:<math> P_{linear} = \sqrt{U^2 + Q^2} </math>
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:<math> \Theta = \frac{1}{2}\tan^{-1}{\frac{U}{Q}} </math>
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When I plot the quantities I, V, R and L as measured (Figure 1) for geosynchronous satellite Ciel-2, the results look reasonable, except that there are parts of the band where R and L are mis-assigned, and others where they do not separate well.
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The problem is that residual phase slope of Y with respect to X, caused by a difference in delay between the two channels.  This can be seen in the upper panel of Figure 2, which shows the uncorrected phases of XY^* and YX^*.  To correct the phases, the RCP phase was fit by a linear least-squares routine, and then the phases were offset by &Pi/2 for both XY* and YX* according to:
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== Polarization Mixing Correction ==
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Due to relative feed rotation between az-al mounted antennas and equatorial mounted antennas
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Latest revision as of 12:54, 18 November 2016

Linear to Circular Conversion

Polarization Mixing Due to Feed Rotation (Polarization Mixing Correction (Old))